The New Covenant with Israel

‘The Return of the Prodigal Son’
-Pompeo Batoni

The Abrahamic covenant was certainly a hereditary covenant and we see this clearly throughout the Old Testament. Most would claim that this has changed under the New Covenant, but in doing so they must deny many witnesses in both the New and Old Testaments to the continued exclusivity of the New Covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah.

Many will object to this saying that the Gospel was brought to the Gentiles, but ethnos (sometimes rendered “Gentile”, Strong’s G1484, goy in Hebrew, H1471) never meant “non-Israelite”. Rather it simply means “nation”. In fact Esau and Jacob himself were together called ethne/goyim/nations in the womb (Genesis 25.23) and the promise to Abraham and his offspring was that they would become many ethne/goyim/nations (Genesis 17.4-6, 28.3, 35.11). Whenever we see the word “Gentile” when reading English translations we would do well to remember these promises to the fathers.

Some will point to instances in the New Testament where we see that the Gospel was to be brought to “the whole world” but we are told in the Old Testament that Israel would be scattered throughout the world to the ends of the earth (Isaiah 11.12, Deuteronomy 28.64, 33.17 et al.).

In the New Testament we see “the whole world” defined as the inhabited earth known to Greco-Roman civilization (Luke 2.1). We also see that in the Apostle’s own time the Gospel had reached its intended recipients (Colossians 1.5-6, 23, Romans 10.18, 16.25-26) with churches established in Anatolia and Southern and Western Europe reaching each main body of dispersed Israelites. The words commonly translated “world” were never perceived in ancient times to refer to the whole of the planet. Erets and ge (H776 and G1093, “land”), oikoumene (G3625, “inhabited earth”), and kosmos (G2889, “adorning”, “society” or “order”) were never intended to describe the whole planet which was largely unknown to Biblical authors.

In Hebrews 8.8 we see St. Paul quote the prophecy of the New Covenant in Jeremiah 31.31. There is no mention of other peoples being parties of the New Covenant and the Israelites hearing Jeremiah’s prophecy would never have conceived of such a thing.

“8 Censuring them He says: “Behold, days are coming, says Yahweh, and I will consummate for the house of Israel and for the house of Judah a new covenant. 9 Not according to the covenant which I made with their fathers, in the day of my taking hold of their hand to lead them out from the land of Egypt; because they did not abide by My covenant, I then disregarded them, says Yahweh. 10 For this is the covenant which I will devise with the house of Israel after those days, says Yahweh: giving My laws into their minds, I will also inscribe them upon their hearts, and I will be for a God to them, and they shall be for a people to Me.”
-Hebrews 8

Later in the same chapter of Jeremiah God affirms that the race (Strong’s G1085) of Israel will always persist as a nation. This precludes the possibility of the nation of Israel becoming a “spiritual” entity defined by religion.

“35Thus saith the Lord, who gives the sun for a light by day, the moon and the stars for a light by night, and makes a roaring in the sea, so that the waves thereof roar; the Lord Almighty is his name:
36if these ordinances cease from before me, saith the Lord, then shall the race [genos, Strong’s G1085] of Israel cease to be a nation [ethnos, G1484] before me forever.
37Though the sky should be raised to a greater height, saith the Lord, and though the ground of the earth should be sunk lower beneath, yet I will not cast off the race of Israel, saith the Lord, for all that they have done.”
-Jeremiah 31

In this Psalm King David, the ancestor of Christ praises God for the exclusive nature of the covenant and God’s unique relationship with Israel.

“19He sends his word to Jacob, his ordinances and judgments to Israel.
20He has not done so to any other nation; and he has not shewn them his judgments.”
-Psalm 147

Here Christ tells the Canaanite woman in no uncertain terms who he came to save. When she offers supplication he heals her young, but preaches not a word to her and only tells her “go thy way” (Mark 7.29).

“22 And behold, a Canaanite woman from those borders having come out cried out saying “Pity me, Master, Son of David! My sick daughter is possessed by a demon!” 23 But He did not respond to her a word. And coming forth His students begged Him saying: “Dismiss her, for she cries out from behind us!” 24 Then replying He said: “I have not been sent except to the lost sheep of the house of Israel!””
-Matthew 15

Here the prophet Amos relays God’s rebuke to Israel reminding them of God’s judgement upon them unlike any other nation.

“1Hear ye this word, O house of Israel, which the Lord has spoken concerning you, and against the whole family whom I brought up out of the land of Egypt, saying,
2You only have I known out of all the families of the earth: therefore will I take vengeance upon you for all your sins.”
-Amos 3

Adressing dispersed Israelites and quoting Moses’ words to the house of Israel (Exodus 19:5-6) St. Peter reminds the recipients of his epistle of their status as a special people in God’s eyes.

“9 But you are an elect race [genos, G1085], a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a peculiar people, so that you should proclaim the virtues for which from out of darkness you have been called into the wonder of His light, 10 who at one time were “not a people” [Hosea 1.10] but now are the people of Yahweh, those who “have not been shown mercy” [Hosea 2.23] but are now shown mercy.”
-1 Peter 2

Expressing his concern for his “kinsmen according to the flesh; those who are Israelites” St. Paul tells us that it is Israel to whom the covenants belong.

“3 for I have prayed that I myself would be accursed from the Anointed for the brethren, my kinsmen in regards to the flesh; 4 those who are Israelites, whose is the position of sons, and the honor, and the covenants, and the legislation, and the service, and the promises; 5 whose are the fathers; and of whom are the Anointed in regards to the flesh, being over all blessed of Yahweh for the ages. Truly.”
-Romans 9

The children of the flesh in verse 8 are contrasted with the children of the promise which the following verses show to be inherited by birth through Isaac and Jacob-Israel. This excludes the Ishmaelites and Edomites who had become mingled among the Judaeans as Paul here warns us “not all those who are from Israel are those of Israel”.

“6 Not, however, that the word of Yahweh has failed; since not all those who are from Israel are those of Israel: 7 nor because they are offspring of Abraham all children: but, “In Isaac will your offspring be called.” 8 That is to say, the children of the flesh, these are not children of Yahweh, but the children of the promise are counted as offspring. 9 Indeed this word of promise: “At the appointed time I will come, and there will be a son for Sarah.” 10 And not only, but Rebekka also had conceived from one, by Isaak our father. 11 Then not yet having been born, nor having performed any good or evil, (that the purpose of Yahweh concerning the chosen endures, not from rituals, but from the calling,) 12 to her it was said, “the elder will serve the younger:” 13 just as it is written, “Jakob I love, and Esau I hated.””
-Romans 9

‘The Satanic Origins of the Kenite, Canaanite and Edomite Jews’

Speaking of certain disbelieving Judaeans St. Paul tells us these opponents of the Gospel are still beloved for the sake of their fathers Abraham, Isaac and Jacob because the gifts and calling of God are without repentance. Here we again see replacement theology and the doctrine of “spiritual Israel” refuted. These Israelite Judaeans are refered to as being of Jacob in the same breath that they are counted as enemies of the Gospel. Clearly the nation of Israel is still made up of the race of Israel as we saw earlier in Jeremiah 31.

“25 For I do not wish you to be ignorant, brethren, of this mystery, lest you be wise on account of yourselves, that hardness in part has come upon Israel, until the fullness of the Nations arrives. 26 And in that manner all of Israel shall be delivered; just as it is written, “From out of Zion shall come the Deliverer, and He shall turn away impiety from Jakob.” 27 “And this to them is the covenant from Me, when I should remove their guilt.” 28 Certainly concerning the good message, they are on your account enemies; but concerning the chosen, beloved on account of the fathers. 29 Indeed the favor and the calling of Yahweh are not to be repented of.”
-Romans 11

The apostles clearly stated their mission to the twelve tribes of Israel. Most churches today teach that the only Israelites in the New Testament are the Judaeans, but there is ample evidence to the contrary within Scripture (and even more evidence in history).

The vast majority of the children of Israel left Egypt and Western Asia between 3,700-2,700 years ago to fulfill the promise to Jacob-Israel that his “seed” would “become many nations” and “a company of nations”. Not one nation in Canaan.

The Jews of today are neither Judahites nor Israelites but are a racial conglomeration of Kenites, Canaanites and Edomites. They are primarily descended from the Edomites who were conquered converted and integrated into Judaea in 125 BC by John Hyrcanus.

‘The Satanic Origins of the Kenite, Canaanite and Edomite Jews’

Regardless of these facts, even if they were the House of Judah as they falsely claim, it would not make them the heirs of the Israelite legacy as they would have us believe. The overwhelming majority of the seed of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob-Israel vanished from the Near East 1,700-700 years before the birth of Jesus Christ.

Opening his epistle St. James greets all twelve tribes of Israel “which are scattered abroad”. Not just the three tribes present among the Judaeans (Judah, Benjamin and Levi).

“1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting.”
-James 1

Here St. Peter addresses his epistle to “those who are elect exiles of the dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia”. St. Peter of course refers to the dispersed Israelites scattered about Asia Minor known to history as Celts, Romans, Scythians and Greeks.

“1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who are elect exiles of the dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, 2 who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctifying work of the Spirit, to be obedient to Jesus Christ and sprinkled with his blood: Grace and peace be yours in abundance.”
-1 Peter 1

When St. Paul stood before the Edomite Herod Agrippa he gave account of his conversion to Christianity and the mission laid before him by God to minister to all twelve tribes of Israel. Note that here we see clearly that the twelve tribes are distinct from the Judaeans and that the Judaeans are in fact in opposition to the interests of the twelve tribes.

“4 My manner of life from my youth, which was at the first among mine own nation at Jerusalem, know all the Judeans;
5 Which knew me from the beginning, if they would testify, that after the most straitest sect of our religion I lived a Pharisee.
6 And now I stand and am judged for the hope of the promise made of God, unto our fathers:
7 Unto which promise our twelve tribes, instantly serving God day and night, hope to come. For which hope’s sake, king Agrippa, I am accused of the Judeans.”
-Acts 26

In Galatians three St. Paul speaks to the Galatians as brethren concerning the covenant. While beyond the scope of this discussion, it is evident that ho Christos is not always properly understood to refer to Jesus Christ as evidenced by many passages where such a rendering makes no sense in the broader context of Scripture (Hebrews 11:24-26, 1 Timothy 5:11-12, 1 Corinthians 1:10-13, 1 Corinthians 4:15).

In this passage (quoting from the Christogenea New Testament) ho Christos is rendered as “Anointed”. Of course the anointed are collectively the body of Christ, but rendering ho Christos as Christ in these instances misleadingly calls to mind Christ as an individual.

Notice here that St. Paul speaks of the permanence of a covenant. Of course the covenant with Abraham was unconditional and the promises were to Abraham’s offspring.

“15 Brethren, (I speak as befits a man,) even a validated covenant of man no one sets aside, or makes additions to for himself. 16 Now to Abraham the promises have been spoken, and to his offspring. It does not say “and to offsprings”, as of many; but as of one: “and to your offspring,” which are Anointed. 17 Now this I say, a covenant validated beforehand by God, the law which arrived after four hundred and thirty years does not invalidate, by which the promise is left idle. 18 For if from law, the inheritance is no longer from promise, but to Abraham through a promise God has given it freely.”
-Galatians 3

Again speaking to the Galatians St. Paul speaks of the purpose of the Father dispatching the Son to the world: “that He would redeem those subject to law”. Of course only Israel was ever given the law and subject to its judgements. Notice they are recovering their positions as sons and not newly attaining them. The Israelites had fallen from their positions as sons centuries before when they broke every condition of the covenant and God sent them into the Assyrian captivity.

“1 Now I say, for as long a time as the heir is an infant, he differs not at all from a bondman, being master of all; 2 but he is subject to guardians and stewards until a time appointed by the father. 3 Just as we also, when we were infants, we were held subject under the elements of the society. 4 And when the fulfillment of the time had come, God had dispatched his Son, having been born of a woman, having been subject to law, 5 in order that he would redeem those subject to law, that we would recover the position of sons. 6 And because you are sons, God has dispatched the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying Father, Father. 7 So you are no longer a bondman but a son, and if a son, then an heir through God.”
-Galatians 4

In this passage (famously despised by Mohammedans) St. Paul contrasts Sarah with Hagar and Isaac with Ishmael calling the Galatians his “brethren, down through Isaac”.

“27 For it is written, “Be gladdened barren who is not bearing; break fourth and shout, she who is not travailing; because many more are the children of the desolate than of she who has the husband.” 28 And we, brethren, down through Isaac, are children of promise. 29 But just as at that time he who was born according to flesh had persecuted him according to Spirit, so also now. 30 But what does the Scripture say? “Cast out the servant woman and her son, for by no means shall the son of the servant woman inherit along with the son of the free.” 31 Well, brethren, we are not children of a servant woman, but of the free.”
-Galatians 4

Abraham surely had no concept of replacement theology and he despaired at the thought of his inheritance being given to someone else’s seed (Eliezer of Damascus). What’s important to note here is the faith of Abraham in the promise of God to his seed.

“1And after these things the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram, I shield thee, thy reward shall be very great. 2And Abram said, Master and Lord, what wilt thou give me? whereas I am departing without a child, but the son of Masek my home-born female slave, this Eliezer of Damascus is mine heir. 3And Abram said, I am grieved since thou hast given me no seed, but my home-born servant shall succeed me. 4And immediately there was a voice of the Lord to him, saying, This shall not be thine heir; but he that shall come out of thee shall be thine heir. 5And he brought him out and said to him, Look up now to heaven, and count the stars, if thou shalt be able to number them fully, and he said, Thus shall thy seed be. 6And Abram believed God, and it was counted to him for righteousness.”
-Genesis 15

Notice that once again Paul refers to Abraham as the father of both himself and the recipients of his epistle. They according to the faith of Abraham; the faith that his offspring would become many nations. Not one single nation in Palestine, but “a nation and a company of nations” from the loins of Abraham through Isaac and Jacob-Israel.

“16 Therefore from of the faith, that in accordance with favor, then the promise is to be certain to all of the offspring, not to that of the law only, but also to that of the faith of Abraham, who is father of us all; 17 (just as it is written, “That a father of many nations I have made you,”) before God whom he trusted, who raises the dead to life, and calls things not existing as existing; 18 who contrary to expectation, in expectation believed, for which he would become a father of many nations according to the declaration, “Thus your offspring will be:” 19 and he not being weak in the faith, nor having considered his own body by this time being dead, being about a hundred years old, and the deadness of the womb of Sara, 20 but at the promise of God he did not doubt in disbelief, rather he was strengthened in faith, giving honor to God, 21 and having full satisfaction that what He has promised, He is also capable of doing; 22 for that reason also “it was accounted to him for righteousness.”
-Romans 4

It is evident in numerous places all throughout the prophets and the New Testament that trees, vines and other plant life symbolize people, families, nations and races.

‘The Origins of the Serpent Seed’

Here Paul refers to the Romans as a “wild olive tree” (the olive tree is a symbol of Israel, Jeremiah 11.16, Hosea 14.6) grafted in among the other branches. Those branches being the Israelites of Judaea under the law. The ancestors of the Romans had departed from the main body of Israel before Moses ever recieved the law and so they are “wild olive” branches grafted in among the cultivated branches under the law.

“16 Now if the first fruit is sacred, then also the balance, and if the root is sacred, also the branches. 17 But if some of the branches have been broken off and you, being of a wild olive tree, were grafted in among them, having become a partaker of the richness of the root of the olive tree, 18 you must not exult over the branches; but if you exult, you will not sustain the root, or the root you. 19 Now you will say, Those branches have been broken off, in order that I would be grafted in? 20 Correct, in disbelief they were broken off, and you in faith stand. Be not proud, but reverent. 21 Indeed if God spared not the natural branches, perhaps you may not be spared. 22 Behold then the goodness and severity of God: certainly upon those who have fallen, severity; but the goodness of God upon you, if then you abide in that goodness, otherwise you also will be cut off.”
-Romans 11

Here St. Paul tells the Dorian Greeks of Corinth that their fathers had all passed through the Red Sea with Moses in the Exodus.

“1 Now I do not wish you to be ignorant, brethren, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all had passed through the sea. 2 And all up to Moses had immersed themselves in the cloud and in the sea, 3 and all had eaten the same spiritual food, 4 and all drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank of an attending spiritual rock, and that rock was Christ.”
-1 Corinthians 10

St. Paul again indicates that the Corinthians are flesh and blood descendants of Israel where he warns them of the evils of idolatry.

“18 Behold Israel after the flesh: are not they which eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar?

19 What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing?

20 But I say, that the things which the nations sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.

21 Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord’s table, and of the table of devils.”
-1 Corinthians 10

It must be understood that while Israel is the sole heir of the New Covenant that the other Adamic nations too will find life in Christ who was long ago prophecied of to Adam. These other Adamites have a different relationship with God than that of Israel but will not be forsaken.

Under the Old Covenant non-Israelites of Adamic stock were permitted to live among Israel and were expected to keep the laws given to Israel. In Exodus chapter twelve we are given instruction for the treatment of those Adamites who live among Israel.

“43And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, This is the law of the passover: no stranger [allogenes, G241 meaning literally “of another race” i.e. a non-Adamite] shall eat of it. 44And every slave or servant bought with money—him thou shalt circumcise, and then shall he eat of it. 45A sojourner or hireling shall not eat of it. 46In one house shall it be eaten, and ye shall not carry of the flesh out from the house; and a bone of it ye shall not break. 47All the congregation of the children of Israel shall keep it. 48And if any proselyte shall come to you to keep the passover to the Lord, thou shalt circumcise every male of him, and then shall he approach to sacrifice it, and he shall be even as the original inhabitant of the land; no uncircumcised person shall eat of it. 49There shall be one law to the native, and to the proselyte coming among you.”
-Exodus 12

These ordinances set the precedent for later Christian assemblies. The Israelite nations with whom the New Covenant was made co-existed with the remnants of the various Adamic nations who had preceded them into Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and Asia Minor. Under this provision of the law these other Adamites dwell among us as Christians, circumcised in their hearts, keeping the statutes of Israel and sharing in the passover.

In the book of Isaiah we are told the purpose of Israel’s covenant relationship with God and that is for Israel to be a light to the other Adamic nations and to show his glory. 

“5Thus saith the Lord God, who made the heaven, and established it; who settled the earth, and the things in it, and gives breath to the people on it, and spirit to them that tread on it:

6I the Lord God have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and will strengthen thee: and I have given thee for the covenant of a race, for a light of the nations:

7to open the eyes of the blind, to bring the bound and them that sit in darkness out of bonds and the prison-house.

8I am the Lord God: that is my name: I will not give my glory to another, nor my praises to graven images.

9Behold, the ancient things have come to pass, and so will the new things which I tell you: yea, before I tell them they are made known to you.

10Sing a new hymn to the Lord: ye who are his dominion, glorify his name from the end of the earth: ye that go down to the sea, and sail upon it; the islands, and they that dwell in them.

11Rejoice, thou wilderness, and the villages thereof, the hamlets, and the dwellers in Kedar: the inhabitants of the rock shall rejoice, they shall shout from the top of the mountains.

12They shall give glory to God, and shall proclaim his praises in the islands.”
-Isaiah 42

This theme is reiterated in the beginning portion of Isaiah 49. This reminds us of the Abrahamic Covenant and the promise that Abraham’s seed all the nations would be blessed (Genesis 22.18). It is of course the unconditional Abrahamic Covenant which is the foundation of the New Covenant as Israel repeatedly breached every condition of the covenant made at Sinai. 

We can glean from these passages some important information regarding the nature of Israel’s covenant and their relationship to the other Adamites. Firstly we see that Israel is given the covenant of a race and this affirms that the covenant belongs to Israel alone with whom the covenant was established. We also see that the Israelite race will be a light to the other nations who are here distinguished from the race of Israel. Thus these can only be the the other Adamic nations who through Israel will come to know God’s glory. Israel is uniquely blessed and elected by God to minister to these nations in the Kingdom.

‘The Tree of Life: Redemption of the Adamic Race’

This is a vast topic which ties into every other topic of Scripture and one could likely spend a lifetime studying and discussing these concepts, but I hope here to have established some of the basics.

“19And I will leave a sign upon them, and I will send forth them that have escaped of them to the nations, to Tharsis [Tartessus, Iberia, settled by Phoenician Israelites], and Phud [the North African coastlands, settled by Phoenician Israelites], and Lud [Lydia, Anatolia, settled by Kimmerian, Phoenician and Trojan Israelites], and Mosoch [Moscow, Russia, settled by Scythian Israelites], and to Thobel [Tobolsk, Russia, settled by Scythian Israelites], and to Greece [settled by Phoenician, Dorian and Danaan Israelites], and to the isles afar off [Britain and Ireland, settled by Scythian, Kimmerian, Phoenician, Danaan and Trojan Israelites], to those who have not heard my name, nor seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the nations.”
-Isaiah 66

“8Thus saith the Lord, In an acceptable time have I heard thee, and in a day of salvation have I succored thee: and I have formed thee, and given thee for a covenant of the nations, to establish the earth, and to cause to inherit the desert heritages:

9saying to them that are in bonds, Go forth; and bidding them that are in darkness shew themselves. They shall be fed in all the ways, and in all the paths shall be their pasture.

10They shall not hunger, neither shall they thirst; neither shall the heat nor the sun smite them; but he that has mercy on them shall comfort them, and by fountains of waters shall he lead them.

11And I will make every mountain a way, and every path a pasture to them.

12Behold, these shall come from far: and these from the North and the West, and others from the land of the Persians.

13Rejoice, ye heavens; and let the earth be glad: let the mountains break forth with joy; for the Lord has had mercy on his people, and has comforted the lowly ones of his people.”
-Isaiah 49

“8Behold, I bring them from the north, and will gather them from the end of the earth to the feast of the passover: and the people shall beget a great multitude, and they shall return hither.

9They went forth with weeping, and I will bring them back with consolation, causing them to lodge by the channels of waters in a straight way, and they shall not err in it: for I am become a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my first-born.

10Hear the words of the Lord, ye nations, and proclaim them to the islands afar off; say, He that scattered Israel will also gather him, and keep him as one that feeds his flock.”
-Jeremiah 31

Published by SloanVSutherland

"I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord"

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